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《红与黑》读后感

拇指会员 2019-01-26 09:26:56 博客 41 ℃

抱负,一种潜藏在灵魂深处、无形却渗透有形的力量。它可以让人在绝望和失败中振作,也可以让人在成功与欢乐中沉沦。

一般有抱负的青年都比较勤奋,但是他们所走的道路并非都能到达人们所肯定的领地走偏路的青年大有人在。法国作家斯汤达的小说《红与黑》就塑造了一个野心勃勃的青年于连。他将本来可能是雄心的抱负引入歧途,其奋斗之路更像一条自我毁灭之路。

徜徉《红与黑》的海洋,我对主人公于连的美丽与哀愁深有所思。于连非常聪明,可以把《圣经》倒背如流,并以此向别人炫耀,妄想占据别人心目中一席地位,但命运总在捉弄人。他出身卑贱,仅处在微不足道的仆役地位,无论他付出多少的努力都无法填平阶级的沟壑,在那些贵人眼里,于连只不过是一个忠于效劳的佣人罢了。然而于连从不局限于自己所处的位置,他想在社会上实现自己的价值,想要得到他应该得到却让别人抢去的东西,可又无能为力,因而一直对现实充满嫉恨。

在他脑海里总显现出:在一切事业里都需要聪明人,在拿破仑统治下,我将会是一名军官……”他疯狂崇拜拿破仑,梦想有朝一日能突破等级森严的阶级界限,进入上层社会的权贵之中。可他却不知道,拿破仑由于不甘心放弃最拿手的炮兵,结果使战场的形势迅速逆转,遭到了惨不忍睹的失败。于连排斥他人对拿破仑的讽刺诽谤,继续固执地迷信拿破仑,默守自己的原则,宁愿在不重要的战场上做些让步和牺牲,坦然接受次要战场上的损失和耻辱。因为只有这样,他才能更好地靠近成功,才能实现他的抱负。然而聪明被他夸张地用在野心的扩张中,在权欲的驱使下,他像一个失去重量的人,完全丧失了人性中的真实。

书中,法国正是七月革命前夕,统治者剧烈交替的变动时代,一方面是以为象征的拿破仑时代军人的荣耀;另一方面是以为象征的王权复辟的时代拥有势力之僧侣阶级的黑衣,他们左右着人们命运的轮盘。于连也置身其中,被历史的游戏所蔑视:在这个完全没有选择的时代,要么继续做一个木材商人,要么就让野心吞噬自己善良的心。其实,一个人不管他所处的地位多么的显赫或多么的卑微,只要做好自己就可以了,何必歧视自己的所有,为了追求心中的目标而竭尽全力,急于求成,不择手段,把自己套得那么牢固?

但,不幸的是,现实中大多数凡人都会情不自禁地像于连一样,沉溺于自己臆造的幻想中,痛苦得不能自拔,甚至上自己的痛苦,从而对他人已获得的成就虎视眈眈,嫉妒仇恨之;同时忘却自己人生努力奋斗的无限美好可能性,一心一意报复之。这些人同那个于连一样,膨胀的欲望犹如白内障,使他们双眼皆瞎,惟剩下一身蛮力,向他们想像中的敌人迸发,伤害他人更毁灭自己。

红的仍旧是红,黑的仍旧是黑。

撕开夜色的包裹,这就是生命的鲜活。

Ambition, a kind of hidden in the soul, invisible but permeate the tangible force. It can cheer people up in despair and failure, or sink in success and joy.
       Aspiring youth are generally more diligent, but not all of the paths they take can reach their established territory-there are plenty of young people on the wrong side of the road. The novel Red and Black, by the French writer Stonda, shapes an ambitious young man, Yu Lian. He misled what might have been ambition, and his path of struggle was more of a path of self-destruction.
       Roaming the ocean of Red and Black, I think deeply about the beauty and sorrow of the protagonist Yu Lian. Julien is so clever that he can turn the Bible upside down and show off to others, hoping to occupy a place in others' minds, but fate always plays tricks on people. He was of humble origin, in a humble position, and no matter how much he tried to fill the gulf of the class, he was nothing more than a servant loyal to service. But Yulin was never confined to his place. He wanted to realize his worth in society, to get what he deserved and let others take away. Can for the force, therefore has been full of the reality resentful.
        Always in his mind: "in all causes need smart people, under Napoleon, I will be an officer." He worshipped Napoleon madly, dreaming that one day he would break through the strict class boundaries and enter the upper class. But he did not know that Napoleon, unwilling to give up his best artillery, had quickly reversed the battlefield and suffered a terrible defeat. Yulian rejected the sarcasm and libel of Napoleon, continued to stubbornly superstitious Napoleon, observed his own "principles", preferred to make some concessions and sacrifices on the unimportant battlefield, and accepted the loss and loss in the secondary battlefield. Shame. Only in this way can he get closer to success and realize his ambition. Yet he exaggerates his use in the expansion of ambition, driven by the desire for power, like a man without weight, completely losing the truth of human nature.
        In the book, France is on the eve of the July Revolution, the violent change of rulers, on the one hand is the symbol of "red" as the glory of the soldiers of the Napoleon era; On the other hand, the black clothes of the powerful monks in Wang Quan's Restoration era, symbolized by "Black", shape the roulette of people's destiny. The game of history disdains even one: in an age of no choice, one can either continue to be a timber dealer or let ambition devour one's good heart. In fact, no matter how prominent or humble a person is in his position, so long as he is good at himself, why should he discriminate against himself Yes, in order to pursue the goal of the heart and do everything possible, eager to achieve, by any means, set themselves so firmly?
        Unfortunately, however, most mortals in reality can't help but indulge themselves in the illusion of their own imagination, and even "love" the pain of their own, so that they can't help but look at what others have achieved. Envious of hatred; At the same time forget their own life to strive for unlimited possibilities, single-minded revenge. These men, like the other, inflated like cataracts, blinded their eyes, but with brute force burst out at their imaginary enemies, hurting others and destroying themselves even more.
        The red is still red, the black is still black.
        Tear open the parcels of the night, this is the life of life.

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